Bronze Age Connections: Cultural Contact in Prehistoric Europe

The invention of the Dover Bronze Age boat 16 years in the past keeps to motivate and stimulate debate concerning the nature of seafaring and cultural connections in prehistoric Europe; the twelve papers offered right here replicate an expanding reputation of cross-channel similarities and a coming jointly of maritime ('wet') and terrestrial ('dry') archaeology.

Contents: development new connections (Peter Clark); Encompassing the ocean: 'maritories' and Bronze Age maritime interactions (Stuart Needham); From Picardy to Flanders: transmanche connections within the Bronze Age (Jean Bourgeois and Marc Talon); British immigrants killed in a foreign country within the seventies: the increase and fall of a Dutch tradition (Liesbeth Theunissen); The Canche Estuary (Pas-de-Calais, France) from the early Bronze Age to the emporium of Quentovic: a standard buying and selling position among south east England and the continent (Michel Philippe); taking a look ahead: maritime contacts within the first millennium BC (Barry Cunliffe); Copper Mining and creation firstly of the British Bronze Age new proof for Beaker/EBA prospecting and a few rules on scale, trade, and early smelting applied sciences (Simon Timberlake); The death of the flint software (Chris Butler); Land on the different finish of the ocean? Metalwork circulate, geographical wisdom and the importance of British/Irish imports within the Bronze Age of the Low nations (David Fontijn); The master(y) of not easy fabrics: suggestions on expertise, materiality and beliefs occasioned by means of the Dover boat (Mary W Helms); Exploring the ritual of trip in prehistoric Europe: the Bronze Age sewn-plank boats in context (Robert van de Noort); In his arms and in his head: the Amesbury Archer as magician (Andrew Fitzpatrick).

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The totality of the proof now on hand leaves no doubt that cultural touch among the 2 dealing with shore strains and their hinterlands should have been severe and sustained a long way past the extent of easy ‘trade’. The alternate of bronzes is healthier visible as one of many extra archaeologically-visible manifestations in a method of advanced social interactions which sure the groups of the dealing with territories tightly jointly permitting the trade of ideals and values in addition to applied sciences and artefacts. inside those networks of mobility it's hugely most likely that small-scale pursuits of individuals happened within the context of intermarriages contrived to take care of social solidarity. determine 6. three The maritime tradition of the Channel/southern North Sea area within the overdue moment millennium BC. After Marcigny et al 2002 As Needham (this quantity, p. 12) has so vividly validated, the Channel and southern North Sea have been already criss-crossed by means of networks of interplay as early as 2000 BC. it truly is tempting to indicate that it was once the improvement of plank-built vessels in a position to taking to the open sea that facilitated those events. by means of the center of the second one millennium the cultural similarities on each side of the ocean had built to such an volume that shipbuilding and seafaring needs to by way of now were largely practised in the course of the maritime groups. The Early Iron Age: 800–500 BC The development of touch, as soon as proven within the Middle–Late Bronze Age, persisted during the Early Iron Age (c 800–500 BC) and is proven by way of a number of direct archaeological facts. At an elite point the Hallstatt C sword of Gundlingen variety and the linked winged chapes offer a very good instance. The swords are disbursed extensively in Britain and eire and at the Continent (Cunliffe 2005, 447–52). whereas there was a lot debate in regards to the origins of the sort it's now extensively believed that the Gundlingen sword used to be an Atlantic improvement, first produced someplace within the southern North Sea quarter, particularly very likely in south-eastern Britain. The large distribution of those swords displays networks of elite alternate embracing Britain, eire, northern France, the Low international locations and past. The development of sword distribution, which favours the southern North Sea and Channel axes, echoes past elite networks represented via the distribution of gold ‘hair earrings’ and Ballintober-type swords of the past due Bronze Age (Eogan 1994). Elite trade of the Hallstatt interval is extra mirrored in distributions, in Britain, of horse apparatus belonging to different types widely recognized in western and west critical Europe (Cunliffe 2005, 448–53). the best reason behind the looks of those artefacts within the British archaeological checklist is that horses, decked out of their finery, have been the particular merchandise of trade. Nor may still we disregard the relatively huge variety of Hallstatt brooches present in Britain (Cunliffe 2005, 458–61). even though none has but been recovered from a valid archaeological context, a percent of them, no less than, are inclined to were modern imports.

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