David's Jerusalem: Between Memory and History (Routledge Studies in Religion)

By Daniel Pioske

The heritage of David's Jerusalem is still essentially the most contentious issues of the traditional international. This learn engages with the fierce debates in regards to the nature of the positioning through reading fresh archaeological facts from the positioning and by means of exploring the connection of those fabric continues to be to claims made approximately David's royal heart within the Hebrew Bible. After a attention of assorted theoretical questions that encompass the research of an historical prior represented in written texts from antiquity, Pioske's paintings explores how David's Jerusalem used to be remembered inside of writings composed within the overdue Iron Age (the Books of Samuel-Kings) and past due Persian/early Hellenistic (the e-book of Chronicles). With those literary pictures in brain, this quantity then transitions right into a specified reconstruction of the panorama and lifeways of early tenth century BCE Jerusalem, or the site attached to David within the biblical narrative. via this juxtaposition of the thoughts of Jerusalem preserved within the biblical writings and a reconstruction of the positioning derived from modern historic examine, Pioske calls cognizance to the tricky dating among a remembered prior and a ancient one, and invitations the reader to contemplate David's Jerusalem as a situation that inhabits the nation-states of either historical past and reminiscence.

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60 In separate reviews, C. Carter and O. Lipschits supply estimates of round 5 to 6 hectares of settled house inside this Jerusalem, extending the boundaries of the payment additional south and north in the urban of David from Finkelstein’s projection. sixty one Their inhabitants estimates of 1250–1500 inhabitants,62 although extra beneficiant than Finkelstein’s, however nonetheless exhibit a feeling of the decreased inhabitants of town compared to the a lot higher and extra populous overdue Iron Age capital. Wider confrontation relating to overdue Persian/early Hellenistic Jerusalem, even though, facilities on no matter if this small cost used to be refortified and 142  David’s Jerusalem within the booklet of Chronicles determine three. four  Reconstruction of major cost region of Persian-Period Jerusalem in response to Nadav Na’aman enclosed via a urban wall. sixty three The biblical resources concerning the rebuilding of Jerusalem’s partitions after the Babylonian destruction of the town are of 1 accord: the specified description of the rampart’s reconstruction in Neh three, in addition to the references from Ezra-Nehemiah in regards to the wall’s significance for the political views and id of Yehud (Ezr 9:9; Neh 2:8–17; David’s Jerusalem within the publication of Chronicles  143 4:1–2, 5:16; 6:1–15; 7:1) depart a robust effect of the wall’s life via the 4th century BCE. The archaeological facts from this era however complicates this angle. Efforts by means of Kenyon to characteristic a small section of a wall within the urban of David to the Persian interval have proved unconvincing,64 and no different transparent lines of an enclosure from the Persian period were recovered within the many excavations conducted within the urban. Arguments that this type of wall may were developed in simple terms round the small cost at the urban of David and Temple Mount (and therefore destroyed and equipped over in next generations) be afflicted by either a scarcity of proof and the massive variety of urban gates stated to be rebuilt within the publication of Nehemiah. sixty five As maintained via Ussishkin, the wall’s distinct description in Nehemiah pertains larger, particularly, to upkeep made to the previous overdue Iron Age enclosure broken in the course of the Babylonian destruction of the location. sixty six but the absence of archeological proof testifying to the reconstruction of this overdue Iron Age wall within the Persian interval back complicates a continuing attractiveness of this conception. Finkelstein’s objections to a wall’s lifestyles in this interval on in simple terms archaeological grounds hence advantages critical attention, notwithstanding makes an attempt at then explaining the specific money owed of the rebuilding of Jerusalem’s partitions scattered during the booklet of Nehemiah end up extra vexing. sixty seven A invaluable reaction to this pressure among textual content and archaeology is equipped in Wright’s specified research of the compositional heritage of Nehemiah. sixty eight imperative to Wright’s dialogue of the textual progress of the e-book of Nehemiah is the idea that, at the foundation of inner literary issues and a comparability with different commemorative development inscriptions from the traditional close to East, the earliest literary strata of Nehemiah most likely originated in what approximated a quick construction record or inscription in Jerusalem.

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