In ten papers Odyssey Marine Exploration provides the know-how, technique and archaeological effects from 4 deep-sea shipwrecks and one significant survey carried out among 2003 and 2008. The websites lie past territorial waters in depths of as much as 820 metres off southeastern the USA and within the Straits of Gibraltar and the English Channel. solely recorded utilizing robot know-how within the kind of a Remotely-Operated automobile, the wrecks diversity from the most important Royal army warships HMS Sussex (1694) and the original, 100-gun, fine HMS Victory (1744)to the steamship SS Republic (1865) and a mid-19th century service provider vessel with a shipment of British porcelain. Their research unearths that the way forward for deep-sea break examine has arrived, but in addition that many websites are at serious possibility from destruction from the offshore fishing undefined.
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Extra info for Oceans Odyssey: Deep-Sea Shipwrecks in the English Channel, the Straits of Gibraltar and the Atlantic Ocean (Odyssey Marine Exploration Reports)
It was once a truly dear undertaking – a ways past the budgets of educational archaeological associations. to satisfy the monetary specifications of deep-ocean archaeology, we constructed a marketing strategy that featured a brand new version for investment and handling shipwreck assets. We deliberate to stick to the main stringent archaeological protocols, respecting complete documentation, contexts and sampling. although, we additionally allowed for producing earnings via both making huge amounts of reproduction artifacts – resembling cash – on hand to the general public after thorough research and documentation or through charging governments a expense in accordance with the worth of what we stumbled on, excavated, conserved and documented on their behalf. taking a look ahead confidently, we felt that we'd locate many well-preserved shipwrecks within the deep oceans of the realm, that governments will be proud of a version that allowed underwater cultural historical past to be safe and documented with none fee to the taxpayer, and that archaeologists will be overjoyed that the long-lost wisdom of shipwrecks within the deep ocean could ultimately see the sunshine of the day. truth didn't particularly figure out like that. We came across that even in deep water, shipwrecks have been being destroyed at an alarming fee and that the politics of underwater cultural history have been so complicated that a few executive bureaucrats have been happier to determine shipwrecks being destroyed in situ than to contemplate a brand new deepest region version for dealing with cultural history. additionally, a handful of archaeologists in positions of energy have been useless set opposed to the non-public zone entering ‘their’ territory, a perceived danger to their investment assets and monopoly on underwater archaeology. in brief, our idea for a brand new version for the administration of shipwreck assets got here head to head with the genuine international, the place cause and truth don't continuously pass hand in hand. quick ahead approximately twenty years to 2008 and Odyssey’s discovery of Admiral Sir John Balchin’s HMS Victory within the English Channel. After approximately two decades of perfecting our deep-water survey and archaeological thoughts, we have been capable of find and punctiliously rfile the skin beneficial properties of the shipwreck website and hence determine the Victory. within the approach we solved one of many maximum mysteries in maritime background. unfortunately, this discovery was once followed by means of the truth that the location had already been seriously broken – essentially via trawling actions, but in addition due to average motives. Our initial remark of the wear was once the catalyst to adopt an important learn of the entire websites that we had found within the English Channel and Western techniques – a few 267 shipwrecks – and to behavior an research into the affects we saw, layered on fishery information so one can correlate this knowledge and check out to make feel of the destruction of what have been as soon as believed to be in all likelihood intact websites. apparently, whereas a few experts with a vested curiosity within the ‘in situ protection version’ at first puzzled our study approximately common and man-made harm to shipwrecks within the Channel, they discovered it more and more tough to argue with the transparent, independent difficult information – the decision used to be noticeable.