Peter C. Flynn (auth.), James D. McMillan, William S. Adney,'s Twenty-Seventh Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and PDF

By Peter C. Flynn (auth.), James D. McMillan, William S. Adney, Jonathan R. Mielenz, K. Thomas Klasson (eds.)

In Biotechnology for Fuels and chemical substances: The Twenty-Seventh Symposium, prime US and foreign researchers from academia, undefined, and govt trade state of the art technical info and replace present developments within the improvement and alertness of biotechnology for sustainable construction of fuels and chemical substances. This symposium emphasizes advances in biotechnology to provide high-volume, low-price items from renewable assets, whereas bettering the surroundings. the key components of curiosity comprise complicated feedstock construction and processing, enzymatic and microbial biocatalysis, bioprocess learn and improvement, possibilities in biorefineries, and commercialization of biobased items. foreign and household development on generating liquid biofuels, specially ethanol and biodiesel, is highlighted, and comparable themes, together with bioseparations and optimum integration of biochemical and thermochemical conversion applied sciences, are featured.
Forward-looking and authoritative, Biotechnology for Fuels and chemical substances: The Twenty-Seventh Symposium offers an illuminating review of present study and improvement within the construction of commodity fuels and chemical substances from renewable biomass assets through biochemical and thermochemical routes.

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Densification of agricultural residues to pellets or cubes could increase the bulk density of biomass to as high as 28-40 pounds/ft 3 (448--640 dry kg/m 3) (17). A primary drawback to densification is that it increases the cost for biomass in comparison with conventional approaches such as baling. One recent analysis estimated that densification costs might be in the range of $10 or $11/dry t ($11 or $12/dry mt) (17); however, there are many alternatives for densification (such as the use of various binder additives) that will significantly impact costs.

In Table 1, two Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology Vol. ~ Vol. 129-132, 2006 34 Mabee et al. L. >" iT) =_ fLU -5 o N ~ g < Biomass source Fig. 2. Scenarios of potential ethanol production associated with lignocellulosic biomass sources. scenarios of biomass availability are combined with the high and low ethanol yield limits in order to create four scenarios of lignocellulosic-based ethanol availability in Canada. Figure 2 illustrates the wide variation in potential fuel production from lignocellulosics, ranging from low bioethanol yield and low feedstock availability to high yield and high availability for each category of material.

Together, these approaches could provide a secure and sustainable biomass source to support first-generation biorefining operations, allowing technological advancement and the development of future valueadded products. This approach would contribute to Canada's biofuel requirements in the short term, and support economic growth and environmental sustainability over a long period. Acknowledgments We would like to acknowledge the Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) for providing funds that have supported this research and associated projects.

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